Looping, Amps and Attenuators

Posted: January 25, 2017 by phanson in Tips & Tricks

Screen Shot 2017-01-24 at 2.00.31 PMYoutube question:

(My looper) works great last in (the effects chain), very clear reproduction.  However, when I use my attenuator…  (while I create loops and play over them) the looped recording sounds awful…  flubby, mush…”

My Answer:

If you play multiple loops through an amp that’s distorting it will sound like a mess. Since you mentioned you use an attenuator let’s talk attenuators a bit. These babies allow your amp to run at high power while controlling the level after the speaker jack.

A lot of guitarists love power amp distortion, that’s why attenuators are so cool. They let you run your amp’s power amp section as hot as you want, so the big power tubes and transformers run at or near the max, then you can attenuate, or turn down the volume between the speaker jack and the speaker. Because all guitar amps distort when they reach their limits, an attenuator essentially turns your amp into a big distortion box. Tom Scholz from Boston and Eddie Van Halen used this attenuator trick on their early albums and their tones were great!

I just watched a Pete Thorne video. Pete was demoing a computer plugin that uses impulse responses to simulate different guitar speakers mic’d up with different mics. To do this you plug your amp’s speaker output into your computer audio interface and then the plugin simulates the speaker cab and mic.

Wait!! First, you need to attenuate, or lower the speaker level, or bad things will happen! The power to drive a speaker will melt your audio interface beyond recognition! Your audio interface accepts line level signals, not the power to drive a 4×12 cab. Attenuators usually have not only speaker outputs but also a line level output. In this case Pete plugged his attenuator’s line level output direct into his audio interface to demo the impulse responses simulating speakers and mics. (Btw, check out my podcast interview with Pete, it’s edition 33.)

Now back to looping. If you want to play more than one loop with a looper pedal into an amp you should run your amp as clean as possible and not use an attenuator, or at least very little attenuation. So, turn the amp’s master volume up, and turn your preamp volume very low. Then if you want distortion and effects use a multi FX unit or pedals plugged in before the amp. (Btw, in this case you do not need to use the amp’s FX loop because the amp is running totally clean. FX loops do open up looping possibilities we can cover later.)

Although, over the years I have liked full-on amp distortion, but nowadays there are such good distortion boxes out there that even me, an old school guy, run my amps clean and get my Screen Shot 2017-01-24 at 2.13.44 PMdistortion from pedals! I love my Boss DS-1X for rock tones and I also use a Keeley-modded Boss SD-1 for crunch. I love those tones!

The DS-1X is digital and uses computer algorithms to improve on tube amp distortion, making low notes tight and high notes fat. I have a ’90s Peavey 5150 head, it’s the industry standard for metal tones and I think my DS-1X into a good clean amp may sound better. 

What I do for looping and looping gigs is, I run a Roland VG-99 direct into a Boss looper, (RC-50) then out of the looper I go into my PA. The VG-99 models tons of guitars and amps, and has every effect I can think of. I can even get bass tones with my guitar! With my VG-99 I could loop a modeled 12 string acoustic along with a modeled Les Paul into a distorted Marshall, using only one guitar. The fully processed tones go into the looper and then out of the looper direct into my full range PA.

If you use looping for practice, the simplest way to do it is to set your amp as clean as possible, then use a distortion and/or other pedals before the looper. Or better yet use a multi FX before the looper. I really dig the new Boss GT-1! (above) That would give you lots of different tones to run into the looper. Then out of the looper go into a clean amp, no attenuation.

Check out my looping video on the Boss RC-30.

PH

Back to the Future… B or Bb?

Posted: March 21, 2016 by phanson in Tips & Tricks

Screen Shot 2016-02-16 at 2.42.42 PMOne of the highlights of my career in Hollywood was being a guitar coach to various movie and TV stars, one of which was Michael J. Fox for the first and second Back to the Future movies. Because the first movie’s 30th anniversary was last year I was asked to do several interviews. One was for a book: “We Don’t Need Roads” The Making of the Back To The Future Trilogy, by Caseen Gains. If you’re interested in these movies it’s a great book, I enjoyed it and even though I was part of the crew I learned a lot.

(Left) A pic of Michael and I jamming at a party at my house from those days. Michael parked his Ferrari on my lawn. That was so cool.

Another interview I did was with Emily Rome from HitFix.com. She was writing an article, which you can read here, about Back to the Future’s iconic Johnny B Goode scene. After the interview we had some email correspondence and I thought it might make for some interesting guitar trivia to post for you. Below is her question and my response. 

Hi Paul,

…Thanks again for talking with me for my article about the Johnny B. Goode scene in Back to the Future. We’re hoping to publish that story later this week.

One thing I wanted to clarify with you — this is about the B vs. B flat thing. Though you taught Michael J. Fox to play the song in B, the recording with Tim May is in B flat, right?

If the recording is in B flat, can you help me understand one thing? Forgive my ignorance about music here, but how did it work out that audiences (or audiences familiar with guitar-playing, at least) can’t tell Michael’s playing the song in a different key than what they’re hearing? I know you and Michael worked hard to make it look like he’s really playing the song on screen. Does the fingering of B and B flat just look that similar?

Emily

Emily Rome, Associate Editor, HitFix.com

Hi Emily,

Tim May played Johnny B.Goode in Bb because Bones Howe (the music supervisor) wanted to be as accurate as possible and Bb was the key Chuck Berry often played the song in.

The fingering for the keys of Bb and B are very close, only one fret apart. There are big, visible position markers on the neck of the guitar Michael used, a Gibson ES-345. Position markers are the mother of pearl inlays that you can see on the fingerboard.

(Btw, here’s some trivia. That ES-345, that Michael plays in the film had not been invented when the movie takes place in 1955. Bob Zemeckis (the director) just thought the ES guitar would look more realistic because in most pictures or videos of Chuck, he’s playing an ES-345 or ES-335.)

Back to the position markers. When playing in Bb, a guitarist’s fingers fall in between the position markers. Since the position markers are so visible, it makes Bb pretty obvious. No 80’s guitarist would ever play Johnny B Goode in Bb so Michael and I thought Bb would look fake. Even in the 60s Jimi Hendrix played it in B. As a 80s guitarist, I played Johnny B Goode hundreds of times, but never in Bb. So, we moved Michael’s hands up 1 fret, now it looks like he’s playing in B. 

Keys such as Bb are favored by horn players. In and before the 50s, horn players were the band leaders, Benny Goodman, Glen Miller etc. Band leaders usually choose the key. Chuck probably chose Bb because he started playing back in the horn player’s era. By the 80s, guitar players had become the band leaders and we guitarists don’t like flat keys. The main reason is that, if the guitar’s open strings ring out while playing in Bb, it will usually sound bad. We guitarists like open strings, if they ring out in B, no problem. Virtually, there is not a single, Van Halen, AC/DC, Boston, Foreigner, Bad Company, Rush, etc. 80’s rock song where the guitarist played in a Bb fingering.

What even makes this more confusing is that many 80s guitarists tuned down a fret. If a guitar is tuned down this way, and the a guitarist uses a B fingering, the result will be Bb. His hands will still be on the position markers, he will be thinking B, but the end result is Bb. Sorry, this is very confusing. But add in different tunings to the picture and it shows that it’s hard anyway, for guitarists to tell keys from another guitarist’s hand position.

Now to answer your question, the only people who would notice that Michael’s hands are in B and the song was recorded in Bb, would be a guitarist with perfect pitch. But I’m not sure, even guitarists with perfect pitch would notice, because the keys of B and Bb are so close. I read at a website that 1 in every 10,000 people have perfect pitch. I have met very few guitarists over the years with perfect pitch, and I’ve known thousands of guitarists because I taught at Musicians Institute in Hollywood for 15 years.

So, there you go. 

PH

Over the yearsI did a couple other posts about my Back to the Future experience. Tips on Auditioning, and Luck is where Preparation Meets Opportunity.

 

Future Shock – Guitar Technology!

Posted: February 12, 2016 by phanson in Tips & Tricks

AtlantisThe 2016 NAMM show was very interesting. I demoed an amazing new guitar, the Willcox Atlantis (left). Also, in between Willcox performances, I got a chance to roam the show and see what was out there.

Let me first tell you about the Atlantis guitar. It’s equipped with what Willcox calls the Lightwave Optical Pickup. This pickup lives in the guitar’s bridge and it shoots a beam of light across each string. The vibrating string creates a shadow that is picked up by a photo sensor charged with a small voltage. The shadow affects the voltage and out of this sensor comes a pure, clean, analog, guitar tone. How’s that for high tech! 

Since the Atlantis has a separite optical pickup on each string, it’s perfect for 13-pin synths like the Roland GR-55 or modelers like the Roland VG-99. (Btw, the VG-99 is my favorite guitar processor of all time!) One reason the Atlantis lightwave pickup works so well with 13 pin devices is that there is no crosstalk between the strings. With a traditional Roland GK pickup you have 6 mini humbuckers, one for each string and there is a little bleed between strings. I really had fun demoing this cool hi-tech guitar.

Small pedalsTiny PedalsWhile roaming the show I saw tons of pedals, amps and guitars but two things jumped out. There were lots of very small pedals, and I saw guitars with very weird frets.

First, check out the pictures (left and right). I held my hand next to these pedals so you could tell how small they are. The small size is great for pedalboard real estate. Using these I could fit two pedals in the space I currently have only one!

Second, look at the guitars with the weird frets below. The acoustic is a Riversong guitar. The green electric is made by an Australian company called Ornsby. These fret layouts are called by different names: multi-scale, fanned-fret or graduated scale. Ralph Novak patented this design in 1989 but the patent has run out and now several companies are building guitars like this.

FretsThey work like a piano or a harp. The bass strings are longer than the treble strings. Imagine a larger guitar, like a baritone guitar. The frets are farther apart, right? Well, these multi-scale guitars have different scale lengths for each string. The high strings are shorter, so the frets are closer together. The low strings are longer so the frets are farther apart to compensate for the string Frets?length. I think the original idea of different string lengths is for tone, the low strings will have a deeper, richer tone than the high strings.

It looks like a multi-scale guitar would be hard to play, but this Ornsby guitar blew my mind, it played great! Perry from Ornsby explained the frets in the slanted position fit your hand better than traditional frets. I only played the guitar for a about five minutes, I think I want a longer try. You may want to check these out, especially if you have any tendonitis or carpal tunnel issues, or just want a more comfortable playing experience.

Well, the rest of the show was as usual, crazy. When you put about 100,000 musicians from all over the world into a small area, roughly five blocks by five blocks, it gets loud and weird!

 

 

Pedal Switchers and my Pedalboard

Posted: January 8, 2016 by phanson in Tips & Tricks

Screen Shot 2015-12-18 at 1.20.04 PMI just put together a new pedal board so I thought I would tell you about it.

If you want to use one pedal click to do multiple pedal switches, in the past you had to get a very expensive Bob Bradshaw, CAE system. But nowadays Boss and other companies make switchers that do it for much less money. They work very simply, you insert each of your pedals or rack effects into the switcher’s separate loops, then program which loops you want activated for your different preset patches. (Don’t confuse this with looper pedals, those are for making audio loops. These switchers loops are just individual sends and returns.)

Boss’s new ES-8 switcher, on my pedalboard (above) is the one I use. It competes with the CAE switchers and others like Voodoo Labs GCX and Ground Control. The CAE and Voodoo Labs units come in two pieces, a rack box that you plug your pedals into, and then a midi-floorboard where you do the switching. Eric Clapton, David Gilmour, Steve Lukather and other pros run systems like this. Their pedals live in drawers in a rack, then the floor unit is either run by the player or their tech. A rig I’ll never forget is Vivian Campbell’s of Def Leppard. Viv’s rack is insane, check it out at the links.

Companies including Boss, One Control, RJM and Rocktron make “all-in-one” switchers and can sit on the floor along with your other pedals. I do contract work for Boss so it’s easy for me to try out their products prior to purchasing. The only catch is that I have to give the product back to Boss after a year… or pony up the dough and buy it.

I have never tried the other switchers but the ES-8 works excellent. I’ve carried Boss gear all over the US and it rarely breaks. As a in-store demo, I used to take a Boss GT-8, drop it on the floor, then stand on top of the knobs! Then I’d plug in and play and I never, ever had a problem with it. I don’t mean this to sound like a Boss commercial but I am sold on Boss’s reliability and durability. There are lots of other great brands out there too.

In my last post “Reality Distortion” I describe my DS-1X Distortion, (the orange distortion pedal in the middle) it’s revolutionary. I also really like the RE-20 Space Echo, if you notice it’s on a platform. That’s because I use the RE’s right pedal to tap in the delay rate and I don’t want my foot to bump into the ES-8′s switches.

Even though people know me as a gear expert because of my years of doing gear profiles for Guitar World Magazine, I really like simple setups. A quote from Scotty (Star Trek): “the more they overthink the plumbing, the easier it is to stop up the drain.” So, at the moment I’m using only five of the eight ES-8′s pedal loops.

My pedals at the moment are: DS-1X for full-on distortion. A Keeley mod-ed Boss SD-1 for a milder tone. My V-Wah for either Univibe or Wah (I use the V-Wah’s heel switch to toggle between a Wah and the Univibe effects). I like both Univibe and wah before distortion. Pretty sure that’s how Robin Trower runs his. I’m a huge Trower fan! The V-Wah is discontinued but you can usually find them on eBay. My last two pedals are a CE-5 for clean chorused tones and the Space Echo for a vintage tape delay. The Space Echo really makes a tape-type sound, I love it! A tape-delay is not as perfect as a digital delay so it gets out of the way of my main guitar tone and adds a warmth. I ran Echoplexes for years and always missed them until I got my Space Echo.

Out of the pedalboard I run into a Peavey 5150 set to a clean sound, this way I don’t have to use the amp’s effects loop. This makes a very clean and simple setup. Also if I have to fly to a gig I can just bring the pedalboard and my guitar, then plug into any clean amp. Though it’s running clean the 5150 adds a cool tone. I also run the 5150 into both open back and a closed back 1×12 cabinets, so I get the best of both worlds. I mic the closed back for extra thump.

One more thing, if you notice in the pic above I inserted my TU-3 Tuner first in the chain before the ES-8. This allows me to mute my guitar to tune, or switch guitars. Also my TU-3 provides power for all my other pedals except the ES-8.

The ES-8 can do a lot of pedal switches and amp channel switching, but most of my presets on the ES-8 are set to turn off one pedal and turn on another. This would normally require at least two pedal taps, but by eliminating even one pedal tap, it makes my life so much easier! I’m singing, playing, remembering lyrics and cueing the other band members… the ES-8 pedal switcher is well worth it! I guess I’ll have to buy it. 

Reality Distortion

Posted: August 5, 2015 by phanson in Tips & Tricks

Screen Shot 2015-07-29 at 8.47.52 AMGear is a big part of rock music and let’s face it, gear is cool! When I was a kid over at my friends house I first saw real Fender amps with their shiny silver grill cloth. I dreamt about those amps. I’d ride the bus into downtown Seattle and just hang around music stores with all the gear. I’d go to concerts and marvel at all the gear being set up, walls of Marshalls, Rows of SVTs, nothing was more impressive! Later on I proudly played the Hollywood club circuit with my two Marshall stacks. Then later, in Andy Taylor’s band I used four Marshall heads along with eight Mesa Boogie 4×12 cabs loaded with EVs. Awesome power! (Between you and me I only played through two cabs at a time.)

Now it’s 2015 and amp size is not as important as it used to be, it’s more about tone, and pedals rule. When I was a kid in the ’70s there were only a few pedals by MXR, Maestro, Boss, Electro Harmonix, Thomas Organ, and a few others. But now, open a Sweetwater catalog to the pedals section, there must be thousands.

A few years back, in this blog I showcased my Yamaha/Soldano combo rig. Sadly, that amp died. I kept having problems with it so I put it out of it’s misery. I took the tubes out, put the amp on my table saw and cut the head section off and threw it in the trash. I attached a new piece of plywood on top of the speaker cabinet, covered it with tolex and metal corners from MojoTone and voila, an open back 1×12 cab. A few years back I built a 1×12 cabinet from scratch so now I have two. The cabs match except the old one has a closed back. It’s the best of both worlds. I get punch, projection and low end from the closed back and I get my sound spread around by the softer, open back tone. 

After cannibalizing my combo amp I dusted off my vintage 5150, 100 watt head that I demoed at the Frankfurt Music Mesa back in the ’90s. I re-tubed it with the new tubes from my combo amp and it just sounds great! Even though the 5150 has more power than I need, it works great running my two 1X12 cabs. Fyi, a hundred watt tube head is not really twice as loud as a fifty watt, but it’s a bit fatter and has more bottom end, and I like that.

Some posts back I wrote about young, high level guitarists I’ve interviewed for Boss Tone Radio and to my surprise their willingness to run their amps clean and get overdrive and distortion from pedals. Until now I’ve been in the old school camp where I demanded my distortion come from the tubes and the amp being overdriven. Well, this last year I was blown away by a new, digital, Boss DS-1X distortion pedal. After demoing it at shows and stores I was amazed at the tone! What the heck, I tried the new school style of running the 5150 clean and using the DS-1X for my distortion. I’ve determined overall the DS-1X actually sounds better than the 5150′s amp distortion! The DS-1X even cleans up when I turn my guitar volume down. 

The DS-1X pedal uses digital technology to treat high notes different than low notes. The result is fat high notes and tight low notes that is just not possible with pure amp distortion. Screen Shot 2015-07-31 at 1.53.40 PMThis pedal is so good, Boss will have to pry it out my my cold, dead hands before I give it back. I would have never guessed this pedal is digital, it sounds so warm and rich.

This blog is not here to praise Boss but those gurus in Japan got this pedal right! Another pedal they got really right is the Boss RE-20 Space Echo. It’s a replication of the old tape delays I used in the 80s. The left pedal turns it on and off, and the right pedal is used to tap in the tempo of the delay. Delay in-rhythm always sounds better. Also I think a tape delay can be run louder than a standard digital delay because the tape echo just doesn’t step on my tone as much as a digital echo. Check out my delay post.

Back to distortion, a further advantage of using a distortion pedal is that I don’t have to use my amp’s effects loop. This will make my new pedalboard simple. I just place my chorus and delay pedals after the distortion, and I’ll have the same result as using the amp’s effects loop along with amp distortion. I just taped the pedals to this piece of plywood, but now I am building a more permanent board so I’ll need a bigger piece of plywood.

One thing I should let you know that I noticed about the DS-1X. Maybe because it’s digital, sometimes there is a short delay when clicking it on. I’ve demoed so many prototypes that don’t really work yet, I’ve gotten used to this. I just click the DS-1X pedal a half second or so before the downbeat and I’m okay. I just love the tone so much this doesn’t bother me.

Btw, “The Reality Distortion Field” is a reference to Steve Jobs’ amazing ability to alter reality, not unlike the Talosiens from Star Trek’s, The Cage and The Menagerie. But us guitarists get to create our own distortion, in reality.

 

Rock on!

PH